|2000 Code of Laws
These are some of the changes which are now in force, resulting from the revision of the laws:
Law 19 Boundaries
The boundary shall be agreed so that no part of a sightscreen is within the field of play.
Wherever practicable the boundary shall be marked with a white line or rope.
If a solid object is used to mark the boundary the innermost points of a rope shall be the boundary edge; the base line of a fence shall be the boundary edge.
If no physical marker for a section of the boundary, the boundary shall be the imaginary straight line between the two nearest marked points.
A player in contact with any solid object marking the boundary or outside the boundary edge shall be considered to be grounded beyond the boundary.
- ie You can no longer lean on a boundary fence to take a catch if you do so the catch will not be valid and 6 runs will be scored
Law 23 Dead Ball
The ball becomes dead:
If trapped between the bat and the batsmans person or between items of his clothing or equipment
If a player returns to the field of play without the umpires permission and then comes into contact with the ball.
The umpire shall call and signal dead ball if he striker is distracted in any way while preparing to receive or receiving a delivery.
Law 24 No Ball
Underarm bowling shall not be permitted except by agreement before the match
The definition of a throw has been altered : The bowlers elbow joint must not be straightened, partially or completely, once the bowlers arm has reached the level of the shoulder.
If the ball is thrown the bowler must be cautioned if there is a repetition he must be given a final warning, and if it happens again he must be taken off.
If the ball bounces twice or rolls along the ground before it reaches the popping crease No Ball is to be called and signalled.
If the ball comes to rest in front of the line of the strikers wicket No Ball is to be called and signalled, followed by Dead Ball. The striker no longer has the right to hit the ball.
One run for the No Ball is to be added to any other runs scored, any boundary and any other penalty awarded.
The one run shall be scored as a No Ball Extra. Other penalties are to be scored as Penalty Extras. If the striker has played the ball with his bat any other runs are credited to him otherwise they are No Ball Extras.
All runs resulting from a No Ball, except for Penalty Extras, are to be debited against the bowler.
Law 24 Wide Ball
The definition has been changed: " ..unless the ball is sufficiently within the strikers reach for him to be able to hit it with his bat by means of a normal cricket stroke".
One run for the wide is awarded instantly and is added to any other runs scored, boundaries or penalty runs.
All runs scored plus the one for the wide shall be scored as wide balls. Apart from any penalty awarded they are debited against the bowler.
Law 26 Leg Bye
If the ball is illegally deflected no runs can be scored and no penalties can be awarded except for one run for a No Ball if appropriate.
Law 28 The Wicket is Down
The wicket can be put down by the batsmans cap falling off or by his bat if he has let go of it.
Law 30 Bowled
Bowled takes precedence over all other forms of dismissal
Completion of stroke removed from the law striker is vulnerable until ball makes contact with fielder or umpire.
Law 31 Timed out
Incoming batsman must be in position to take guard or his partner to receive the next delivery within 3 minutes of fall of previous wicket.
Failure of batsman to come in no longer has to be wilful.
Law 32 Caught
Caught can be off any part of the glove on the hand holding the bat.
Definition of completing a catch - complete control over the ball and his own movement.
Caught to take precedence over all other methods of dismissal other than Bowled.
Law 33 Handled the ball
Batsman not out Handled the ball if avoiding injury.
Batsmen returning ball to fielding side without permission to be out Obstructing the field - not Handled the ball.
Runs completed before the offence to be scored.
Law 34 Hit the ball twice
Striker returning ball to fielding side without permission with second or subsequent stroke to be out Obstructing the field ~ not Hit the ball twice.
First strike to determine whether runs may or may not be scored.
Law 35 Hit wicket
Striker can be out Hit wicket if setting off for his first run even if he has not attempted to play the ball.
Law 36 LBW
If the ball hits the batsman before it bounces (and if it hits him either between wicket and wicket or, if he has not played a shot, outside off stump) the umpire must assume that the path of the ball before interception would have continued after interception. ......ie the umpire must not make any judgement about what would have happened to the path of the ball had it pitched.
Off side of the striker's wicket determined by his stance when the ball comes into play.
Law 37 Obstructing the field
Wilfully distracts added to obstructs
Obstruction if batsman wilfully strikes the ball after it has touched a fielder
Returning the ball to a fielder without permission - with either the hand or the bat - is Obstructing the field.
Law 38 Run out
Striker may be out Run out off a No ball even though not attempting a run
Batsman not out Run out if he leaves his ground to avoid injury whether he has attempted a run or not.
Ball must be touched by another fielder, after bowler has entered his delivery stride, for appeal for Run out to be successful.
Batsmen cannot be Run Out by wicket keeper off a No Ball unless another fielder intervenes.
Law 39 Stumped
Not out Stumped it ball rebounds on to wicket off keeper's helmet unless there has been subsequent contact with the keeper or any other member of the fielding side.
Law 40 The wicket keeper
Specifications for wicket keeper's gloves. Flat non-stretch material between thumb and first finger allowed as a means of support. Pouch not permitted.
It is unfair if the keeper makes a significant movement towards the wicket when the ball has come into play.
- (He can take a few paces in but cannot change from standing back to standing up). If this happens dead ball to be called.
Law 41 The Fielder
Any significant movement by a fielder when the ball has come into play is unfair - (Close fielders cannot move. Outfielders can walk towards the striker but not in any other direction). If this happens Dead Ball to be called.
Law 42 Unfair Play
Dangerous and Unfair Bowling;
Persistent, fast, short pitched deliveries: "likely to inflict physical injury" (Intimidation no longer applies)
Includes any delivery which bounces over head height (even if not threatening to cause injury)
Any full pitched delivery above shoulder height
Any full pitched delivery over slow pace above waist height
Deliberate bowling of any high full pitched ball deemed dangerous and unfair bowler to be taken off immediately.
Protected Area of the pitch now starts 5 feet in front of the popping crease.
Law 42.17 Penalty Runs
NO W ARNING
2.6 Player returning without permission and coming into contact with the ball.....5 penalty runs
41.2 Illegal Fielding of the ball......5 penalty runs
41.3 Ball hits helmet on the ground......5 penalty runs
42.3 Changing the condition of the Match Ball .......Change the Ball + 5 penalty runs
.......Any repetition during innings ......Take off the bowler who bowled the preceding ball + Change the Ball + 5 penalty runs
42.5 Deliberate distraction or obstruction of batsman (after a delivery).......No dismissal + run in progress to count + 5 penalty runs
42.16 Batsmen stealing a run......5 penalty runs
ONE WARNING (* warning applies for whole innings)
18.5 Deliberate Short Runs.......No runs to count
.......Any repetition by the same batsman......No runs to count + 5 penalty runs
42.4 Deliberate attempt to distract striker preparing to receive or receiving a delivery......Warn captain + no dismissal + ball not to count as one of the over
.......Any repetition during innings .......No dismissal + ball not to count as one of the over + 5 penalty runs
42.9 Time wasting by the fielding side......Warn captain
........Any repetition during innings .......If not during an over 5 penalty runs.......If during an over take the bowler off
42.10 Batsman wasting time ........Warn the batsman (Warning applies to the whole side for the rest of the innings)
..........Repetition by any batsman in that innings ......5 penalty runs
42.13 Fielder damaging the pitch .......Warn captain
.........Any repetition during innings .......5 penalty runs
TWO WARNINGS (* warning applies for whole innings)
42.14 Batsman damaging the pitch .......Warn the batsman (the first warning for the whole side for the rest of the innings)
.........Repetition by any batsman in that innings ......Warn the batsman (the final warning for the whole side) + no runs to count
.........Repetition by any batsman in that innings .......No runs to count + 5 penalty runs